Raul Hilberg, Die Vernichtung der europäischen Juden, vol. 2, Frankfurt am Main 1990, p. 477
"Every city has its own deportation history, and each of those histories reveals a lot about the mechanisms of the deportations and the psychological climate in which they took place."
The "old" Großmarkthalle
The Großmarkthalle was designed by the architect Martin Elsaesser in the mid-1920s. Architecturally, it was of the highest standard and conceived for modern trading and the smooth handling of fruit and vegetables: with practical loading ramps, generously sized cold storage cellars, railway connections with roofed tracks and its very own signal box.
A place for food supplies becomes a place of terror
As of 1941, the Secret State Police (Gestapo) and the NSDAP district command used the building and its facilities for mass deportations of Jews. This particular place was chosen because it was located in the inner city and, from a transportation viewpoint, very conveniently, between the harbour railway and the East End railway station. So the Gestapo rented the cellar area to the east as a gathering place for carrying out the deportations. The cellar ensured that the crime could not be seen by curious eyes and it offered sufficient space for hundreds of people. Women, men and children were humiliated and physically mistreated by the staff on duty. Robbed of their last belongings, they were then forced in the direction of the tracks in front of the large hall, where the Deutsche Reichsbahn trains were waiting to transport them to the ghettos and concentration camps. Close by, daily market activities continued, and the cruel procedures did not remain hidden from the people working there.
Berny C. Lane alias Werner Levi, 1998
"It was hell. Interrogations, screams and endless harassment the whole night long."
Not only Gestapo and party officials were deployed in the Großmarkthalle. "Normal" policemen, finance and railway officials as well as employees from different city departments were also involved in the deportations. The city administration and many non-Jewish citizens benefitted from the property the displaced people left behind. Others moved into the apartments and houses from which Jews had been ousted.
Views of the Memorial
The cellar of the Großmarkthalle was used by the Secret State Police (Gestapo) and the NSDAP district command as a gathering place for carrying out the deportations. The cellar lies on the ground of the European Central Bank and can only be visited during guided tours.
A newly built ramp leads down to the cellar of the Großmarkthalle. It lies on the ground of the European Central Bank and can only be visited during guided tours.
View on the former Großmarkthalle which is today part of the European Central Bank, with the new building of the ECB in the gackground.
Engraved into the ground of the memorial, visitors find quotes of victims and eye witnesses of the deportations.
The Grossmarkthalle once had an own railway system. This structure belonged to the switch tower and is today integrated into the memorial architecture.
Quotations from witnesses of the crime
The design of the memorial site by the architects’ office KatzKaiser uses quotations from the persecuted Jews and from observers of the deportations. These quotations, inscribed in the ground and on the wall, are in chronological order. Indirect events and emotions are also addressed: suicides related to the deportations, reactions of the city’s population or reflections of the crimes in Frankfurt.
Ilse Kahane, née Wetterhahn, around 2004
"In 1942, I was deported. I was one of the last Jews leaving my city. We were first gathered in a big hall and then put on freight trains and sent to Berlin, where another 1.000 Jews were added to our transport, all in all 1.250 Jews. Ultimately, I am one of the final 25 survivors of this transport. After four days with hardly any food, we arrived in Estonia."
Guided tours of the site
As part of the memorial site is one the area of today’s European Central Bank, this part can only be visited in the framework of a guided tour. It includes the cellar that served as a gathering point for the deportations. The area east of the former Großmarkthalle is open to the public. Both parts have a route guide with testimonies to how the deportations proceeded: from rumours and the actual notification of those effected, to imminent deportation, to the forced transportation to the ghettos and camps on Deutsche Reichsbahn trains.
Public Guided Tours
You can register for our public guided tours which are held in German. Dates:
Friday, September 7, 2018, 18:00 (closing date: August 27, 2018)
Friday, October 5, 2018, 16:00 (closing date: September 25, 2018)
Friday, October 19, 2018, 16:00 (closing date: October 9, 2018)
Friday, November 2, 2018, 16:00 (closing date: Oktober 22, 2018)
Friday, December 7, 2018, 16:00 (closing date: November 27, 2018)
Please note that all participants have to submit a valid ID or passport when entering the gorund of the ECB. Otherwise you won't be let in. Please note that you cannot take luggage with you. Only handbags and rucksacks are allowed.
Guided tours for groups and class workshops
You can book individual guided tours for groups up to 20 people. They last around one hour and cost 60 Euro. They are available in German, English, French, Italian and Modern Hebrew.
Workshops for classes last around three hours and include an introduction, a round tour through the memorial and a wrap-up workshop. Costs: 100 Euro.
We're closed today
The public part of the memorial is permanently acessible.
- The public part of the is acessible for free.0€
The public part of the memorial as well as the closed part are barrie-free.#
60314 Frankfurt am Main
Tram 11, Bus 32, U6 (RMV station Battonnstrasse)